Natural Ways to Control Infestation
Never introduce new birds to your flock without making sure they are parasite and disease free.
Housing: Bird droppings are a magnet for disease. Remember, several times a year you need to do a thorough cleaning and disinfecting of the entire poultry house. Thoroughly remove all bedding and litter from coop. It is highly recommended that all debris be removed from premises or burned. Spray everything with Poultry-Zyme™, including cracks and crevices. Each and every bird, regardless of infestation, should be sprayed or dipped in Poultry-Zyme™.
Grounds: It is recommended that grounds around poultry house also be sprayed with Poultry-Zyme™.
Roosts: Painting the roost will help to combat chicken mites and bed bugs. It is very difficult to know what parasite has infected your birds since one parasite can mimic another. Using a magnifying glass will help you identify your infestation.
PROTOCOL FOR THE USE OF POULTRY-ZYME TO CONTOL DISEASE-PRODUCING PATHOGENS IN POULTRY PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING
Salmonella, listeria and E. coli continue to be major health problems faced by the poultry industry. Symptoms have been treated and spot applications have been made to deal with outbreaks, but because the methods were not comprehensive, harmful organisms were still able to flourish, resulting in “re-contamination.” Decontamination problems are further complicated by the robust nature of a key component, the biofilms. This situation strongly suggests that to achieve the effective decontamination, the poultry industry must address the entire process, rather than simply part of it.
Odor is another major issue facing the poultry industry. Odor and contamination go “hand-in-hand,” with the odor-producing substances providing the environment for harmful bacteria to flourish.
Poultry-Zyme, an all-natural, multi-enzymatic formulation product of Natural Ginesis LLC, holds promise for dealing with both of these widespread problems with a systematic application throughout the poultry production and processing phases.
Biofilms. The failure of disinfectants and continued contamination in production and processing in the poultry industry is largely caused by the lack of an effective means to remove the biofilms in which pathogens thrive. Biofilms are layers of bacteria that attach to inert surfaces and to one another with the help of a polysaccharide-like material that traps nutrients, microbes and viruses and enables the colonies to remain, thus presenting a continuing threat of cross contamination. These films cannot be penetrated by traditional, water-based cleaners and sanitizing agents (e.g., caustics, bleach, etc.). And although a surface may be tested as free of specific bacteria (e.g., listeria, E. coli, etc.), these and other types may still thrive within the biofilm. These bacteria may remain viable and reemerge to spread throughout the processing plant when given favorable conditions.
Scientists have been exploring the ecology of the biofilm, a unique environment that the microbes generate for themselves, enabling them to establish a beachhead on any surface and to resist all but the most intense assaults by sanitizing agents.
The moment a microbe lands on a surface, it attaches itself with the aid of filaments and tendrils, “spiderleg-like” appendages that reach out to grab hold of the cracks and crevices of even a stainless steel surface. Almost immediately, the organism begins to produce a polysaccharide-like material, a sticky substance that in a matter of hours will cement the bacteria’s position on the surface and act as glue, to which nutrient material will stick, along with other bacteria and even viruses. Within 24 hours, the bacterium is entrenched on the surface, clinging to it with the aid of numerous appendages and a tremendous amount of the polysaccharide material.
The biofilm builds upon itself, adding layer upon layer of polysaccharide material, populated with pathogens such as salmonella and listeria. The longer the organism is in contact with the surface, the more difficult it becomes to remove. In time, the biofilm becomes like plaque, a tough, plastic skin, which sometimes can be removed only by scrapping with a stainless steel scalpel.
Cleaning the surface with a chemical sanitizer may result in the destruction of the top layers of biofilm, and a swab test will show the surface to be sterile. However, a firmly established layer of biofilm will have layers of organisms still viable on the surface and will be able, in time, to cause a food-borne illness problem. As the biofilm builds up, portions of it will be sheared off by the action of food or liquid passing over the surface. The shear force is greater than the adherence force in the topmost layers of the biofilm, so chunks of the polysaccharide cement with its micro-organic population will topple into the product, thus causing a contamination problem.
Poultry-Zyme is a multifaceted enzyme formulation that is highly effective, simple to use, cost-effective and completely non-toxic. A complex non-bacterial organic formulation designed for general cleaning and odor control, Poultry-Zyme promotes penetration and emulsification of oily or fatty substances to increase microorganism activity. This in turn accelerates the destruction of odor-causing conditions and gives Poultry-Zyme its excellent cleaning properties.
The proprietary formulation has been designed to be non-hazardous and non-flammable. It has a slightly acidic (pH 4.0 – 4.5) organic composition. Poultry-Zyme works on a wide range of pH and temperatures; however, it performs best between 55 and 95 oF and at a pH level of between 3 and 9.5.
Poultry-Zyme technology, while elegantly simple, is scientifically sound and highly cost-effective. It eliminates the costly control, collection and disposal of harmful effluents contained in many other cleaning products. Poultry-Zyme can be safely discharged into industrial or storm drains, or onto the ground without deleterious effects. All of the ingredients in Poultry-Zyme are organic in origin and biodegradable.
Poultry-Zyme is non-irritating to most skin tissue and causes no rashes or burns. It contains no known allergens and washes off completely without leaving stains or streaks. After water rinsing, Poultry-Zyme leaves a non-static finish that inhibits dust accumulation.
Tests have shown that Poultry-Zyme is a superb cleaner of poultry processing equipment, floors, walls, drain lines and ponds. Further, it will continuously attack biofilms and bacteria on any surface until they can be removed with clean water. Poultry-Zyme has shown its ability to penetrate and remove biofilms from plastic, stainless steel, tiles, concrete, etc., as well as the surface layers of grease, oils and fats. Poultry-Zyme will continue to flourish until there is no longer a host environment for the bacteria. Thus, Poultry-Zyme should be left on equipment to help in the reduction of contaminants that can host bacterial reproduction.
Finally, the accumulation of Poultry-Zyme in the wastewater system will greatly improve the environmental condition of the ponds and the waterways that they spill into.
The following paragraphs present typical protocols for the use of Poultry-Zyme in the production and processing of poultry, poultry products and eggs. These are examples only and actual application procedures must be tailored to individual on-going operations.
Poultry Production Phases:
- At the beginning of the cycle, use Poultry-Zyme on the foodstuffs and in the water of the egg layers in minute quantities to begin treating the chicken and its internal organs to remove biofilms and colonies of harmful bacteria in the bird’s intestinal tract.•Spray a Poultry-Zyme mist into the atmosphere to eliminate ammonia and to help ensure that the proper humidity is maintained for a healthier bird and to better optimize the utilization of feed.
- In addition to treating the birds and their fecal matter, Poultry-Zyme can also be used to control the contamination caused by the presence of rodents and beetles.
- Wash the eggs and incubators with Poultry-Zyme and humidify the hatchery’s air with a diluted mixture to eliminate ammonia odor and to decontaminate the chick’s feces. One cannot expect to raise healthy and contaminate-free chicks in an environment where untreated fecal matter exists.
- During sexing, constantly dip the employee’s gloves in a Poultry-Zyme solution to retard cross contamination.
- As the chicks grow, routinely expose the atmosphere, feed and water to the Poultry-Zyme solution to control the environment where salmonella, listeria, campylobacter, E. coli and other pathogens flourish. It will continue to work throughout the chick’s life by eliminating the bacterial host environment.
- When the birds are ready for transport, routinely wash the cages and trucks with Poultry-Zyme.
- Finally, the poultry should receive a thorough fogging prior to loading the cages.This constant application of Poultry-Zyme will deal with the biofilms wherever the bacteria are attempting to re-establish. The poultry delivered to the processing plant will thus have the lowest possible bacterial counts.
Poultry Processing Phases:
- Fog and/or spray caged poultry with a Poultry-Zyme solution before unloading, which reduces ammonia and offensive odors.
- An alternative for cleaning fecal matter during uncaging and hanging of the birds is to run them through a “bird Jacuzzi” with Poultry-Zyme prior to stunning and bleeding. The scald bath will then have a lower amount of fecal matter.
- Rinse the birds thoroughly with Poultry-Zyme prior to and after picking and evisceration. Also rinse the cavities thoroughly with the solution. Any visible or unseen fecal matter left on the carcasses will be treated by the residual Poultry-Zyme, both internally and externally.
- As the birds reach the chill bath, rinse them again with the Poultry-Zyme to further reduce the biofilm and any contaminants, which have survived to this point. Then the carcasses will enter the chill bath, which will also contain a Poultry-Zyme solution that will absorb into their tissues. This is applicable to chicken parts as well as whole carcasses.
- The chilling or freezing will not affect Poultry-Zyme. While temperatures of 40 oF or below will cause the enzymes to become dormant, after defrosting, or once the temperature exceeds 40 oF, the enzymes again flourish and continue removing the few surviving bacteria from the host environment.The shelf life of the poultry will be extended and odor created by bacteria will be essentially removed because the bacterial growth and biofilm has been destroyed throughout the entire process. The enzymes in Poultry-Zyme are destroyed during cooking and will thus not be ingested by the consumer.
Ammonia is an ""immuno-suppressant,"" damaging the ""air sacs"" and shutting down the immune system in birds, leaving them defenseless to respiratory diseases. Ammonia produces high stress levels and increases mortality rates.
Poultry-Zyme™ controls ammonia odor and eliminates its harmful effects on the birds by improving air quality in the poultry house. It can also reduce electrical use caused by running fans in the poultry house.
It is also a great way to clean away adult flies from in and around bird droppings.
What are enzymes?
Enzymes are all-natural ""take charge"" catalysts, part of a group of organic proteins known as amino acids. Enzymes digest vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, etc. by breaking them apart individually.
Enzymes can be used to replace harsh conditions and harsh chemicals, thus saving energy and preventing pollution. They are also highly specific, which means fewer unwanted side-effects and by-products in the production process. Enzymes themselves are biodegradable, so they are readily absorbed back into nature.
Fleas: The order of Siphonaptera family Leptopsyllidae genus Leptosylla is a flea that lives on birds. Visible indication of fleas or mites is aggressive behavior, constant scratching, reduced egg production, lack of appetite and lack of feathers. The family Ceratophyllidae flea lives on rodents. It is very common that rodent fleas can also live on birds.
Lice: The order of Pediculus family is a small invertebrate parasite. They are flattened and wingless parasites that feed on warm-blooded animals. No flock is ever 100% parasite free. We do not live in a sterile environment so control is a must!
Mites and Lice: Mites and lice commonly travel to chickens, game birds and turkeys via wild birds such as sparrows, black birds and pigeons, to name a few. Wild birds carry disease and parasites that can be easily transferred to your flock. Rodents also carry diseases and parasites. On both types of carrying hosts parasites can live for several weeks to months, mating, hatching and transferring to your birds. No farm is immune to unwanted outsiders like mice, rats or wild birds. Mites are related to the tick family. There are 20,000 species of mites known as arthropod invertebrates sub class Acari (eight legs two body parts). Lice, on the other hand, have three parts: head, thorax and abdomen with six legs. There are one million species of lice.